OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development
Open access peer-reviewed journal
An Innovative Dairy Model Leading to Sustainable Development for the Rural People of Bangladesh
Shahana Afrose Chowdhury
Kazi Shahid Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Volume 10, Issue 08, Pg. 11-19, 2017.
Abstract: Women are vulnerable due to limited access to economic opportunities, capital, land and skills in rural Bangladesh. Kazi Shahid Foundation (KSF), an independent welfare organization has promoted an innovative “Specialized Dairy Farming Model” linking with the commercial organic tea plantation, organic produces and biogas production to improve the rural community, particularly women, in the northern part of Bangladesh, Panchagarh district. This model aims to develop innovative farming systems to deliver economic value and environmental benefit and is implemented entirely through rural women. Due to KSF’s continuous efforts towards enhancing community based dairy farming, has now become one of the income generating activities for poor and marginal households. In the course of innovation and outreach development for entrepreneurial opportunity, such as, demonstration, commercialization, adopting scientific farming practices, significant increase in quality milk production and animal performance occur. The typical dairy farming models involve exchanging of cash, limit the potential for sustainable development, whereas, KSF Dairy Model provides milking cows and calves to its women members and repayment is based on milk and cow dung and also ensures risk minimization through cow insurance and veterinary care. Additionally, poor households receive technical and financial management support. Increasing opportunities for women is considered to have a powerful impact on productivity and agriculture-led growth. The beneficiaries of this dairy program become entrepreneurs and started dairy farming, selling milk and compost, improving their household incomes. Another direct advantage of small-scale milk production is the immediate nutritional benefit provided to growing children, which greatly contributes to a balanced diet. The distressed women who lived in utter miseries are now leading a better life by taking three meals a day along with other members of their families and sending their children to schools. The female dairy entrepreneurs now have been able to support their families financially and also been able to participate in decision making process. The Kazi Shahid Foundation has introduced organic vegetable farming to the people of Bangladesh. KSF provides the resources, financial capital and knowledge necessary for the community to grow organic food as well as collect vegetables directly from beneficiaries and supply them to the largest super market. Vermicomposting is generally known as a nutrient rich source of organic compost used in farming and small scale sustainable, organic farming. Vermicompost is an excellent soil conditioner and nutrient-rich bioactive fertilizer. Another KSF initiative is vermicomposting which encourages and trains the members to do it and use the compost in their organic produces.
Keywords: Dairy Model, Family Nutrition, “No-cash” Microfinance, Organic Farming, Sustainable Development
Benefits of Implementing Enterprise Resource Planning In The Construction Industry: A South Africa Study
Mathegu Mphumi a, Clinton Aigbavboa b, Enyinnayaeke Nnamdi c , Godwin Okoene d
a,b,c Department of Construction Management & Quantity Surveying, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of Johannesburg, Doornfontein Campus, Johannesburg, South Africa.
Volume 10, Issue 08, Pg. 19-24, 2017.
Abstract: Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) has been branded as the panacea for the successful incorporation of a construction company wide-ranging information systems. ERP platforms brings together a construction firms daily processes ranging from finance, human resources, accounting, project execution and delivery, amongst others. Besides, ERP also link construction companies to the clients, subcontractors, material suppliers, other stakeholders connected to a project through-out a project life-cycle. Hence, this paper investigate from the perspective of construction professionals the benefits of implementing ERP in the South Africa construction industry. The assessment was undertaken through a quantitative questionnaire survey that was distributed amongst construction professionals working in both private and public construction firms in the Johannesburg- South Africa. Findings emanating from the study revealed that the construction professionals perceived the benefits of ERP to be: informed decision making, effective information management, effective project coordination, elimination of idling resources, improved project administration, improved information sharing and better project planning amongst others. The findings supports the argument that the implementation of ERP proves to be imperative in the elimination of redundant work processes in the construction industry in order to support improvement in construction project management and performance in the construction sector. Hence, the research contributes to the body of knowledge on the benefits that accrues from the implementation of ERP systems.
Keywords: Enterprise Resource Planning, supply and distribution, construction, enterprise
Justice and reasonable causes in Iran constitution law
Mahdi Najafi Zia a, GHafuor KHoeini b, Abol hasan Mojtahed Soleimani b,
a,b,c Faculty of Law & Political Sciences, Kharazmi University, Hamedan, Iran.
Volume 10, Issue 08, Pg. 43-50, 2017.
Abstract: Human being has tried continuously during his history to reach and also define justice. Divine and non-divine schools and their doctrine have had a central role through determining justice. Legal system of Iran since last centuries and especially after 1979 revolution, has utilized Islam’s doctrine in order to construct itself. What is recognized through legal and religious scholars as sources of legislation and basis or criterion of sentencing is based on Islamic resources, people’s customs, jurisprudence and somehow legal doctrine. What is accepted unwittingly is that acting as those rules say, contains justice and it is not necessary to notice the principle of justice while legislating or making a sentence. Legal texts also have somehow become holly by thoroughly following Islamic resources and in contradiction with Islamic- legal records; judicial elements are not capable of being critical. The religious process of legislation and disregarding an institution for reviewing the laws and also lack of sanction for eliminating unfair rules, unjust rules especially on expropriation and disregarding ownership rights by governmental organizations and lack of related laws for solving such problems, trial prorogation are named as main motives for writing the article in hand. While the Holiness oriented attitude of government’s power for rights abuses is an obstacle in order to accept some rules as unjust, there are some Iranian scholars who had regarded justice debate as a basis. The article in hand is trying to pave the very basic steps of constructing a modern legal system as the first one through the subject “Critical approach to laws based on justice’.
Keywords: law, Iran, ideology, fair, justice