OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development
Open access peer-reviewed journal
E- governance: Issues and challenges in India
P. Paramashivaiah a, B.K. Suresh b
a Department of Studies and Research in Commerce, Tumkur University, Tumkur, India.
b Department of Studies and Research in Business Administration, Tumkur University, Tumkur, India.
Volume 09, Issue 08, Pg. 11-16, 2016.
Abstract: The traditional approaches dominated in the 20th century failed to respond to the changing environment in rendering the services to the public. E Government bought the revolution in India where government of India has taken steps to deliver the services to the citizens through the means of Information communications and technology (ICT). E government is the transformation of public sector internal and external relationship through internet enabled operations. The contribution and the role of Information communications and technology is very high. Through ICT knowledge has been created, information is shared, delivery of services, reduced cost, paperless office and many more.
The present study explores the theoretical assumptions about e governance by studying the some of the successful projects implemented by the various states in India. While studying we have identified some challenges at the time of implementation of the e governance projects. Experiences of the several successful projects reveal that though wider scope is there for implementation of projects nationwide unable to implement because lack of infrastructure facilities, technology feasibility, financial feasibility and huge investments
Keywords: E – Government, E – Governance, ICT, National E Governance Plan (NEGP).
Academic and Administrative Audit: The Criteria considered for HEIs
B.K. Suresh a, P. Paramashivaiah b
a Department of Studies and Research in Business Administration, Tumkur University, Tumkur, India.
b Department of Studies and Research in Commerce, Tumkur University, Tumkur, India.
Volume 09, Issue 08, Pg. 17-20, 2016.
Abstract: The Higher Education sector in India has witnessed a tremendous increase in its institutional capacity since Independence it is one among the major areas of development, which is undergoing a fantastic change. The country is becoming a global hub for educational activities and a feeder for all kinds of international man-power requirement. There is a growing demand for, and also concern to, provide quality education with standard curriculum and globally acceptable system of education. Everywhere the idea of increasing Gross Enrollment ration, Generating more human resource with intellectual inputs are given much thrust. The NAAC(National Assessment and Accreditation Council) of India has evolved certain benchmarks for ascertaining and ensuring quality at different levels of Higher Education and for its continued sustenance. During the last ten years, Universities in India have taken serious note of these emerging needs and demands and trying to update the curriculum, design new Programs and offer better educational services while maintaining high quality. By establishing Internal Quality Assurance Cells (IQAC) and conducting External Quality Assurance checks it is possible to go for a Total Quality Management in an Academic Institution.. The monitoring and evaluation of the institutional processes require a carefully structured system of internal and external introspection. Thus this paper discusses the factors considered under the Academic and administrative Audit of Higher education Institutes.
Keywords: IQAC,AAA,TQM ,EQA,NAAC
A Comparative Analysis of the Various Aspects of the Public and Private Sector Players in the Life Insurance Industry
K. Pramod Gonchkar a, R. Shashidhar b
a Department of Commerce, Govt R C College of Commerce and Management, Bangalore, India.
b Department Of Studies & Research In Business Administration, Tumkur University, Tumkur, India.
Volume 09, Issue 08, Pg. 21-32, 2016.
Abstract: India has not been a late starter in the insurance space but there were hiccups along the way. With many of the insurers turning fly-by-night operators, the government had to intervene and nationalize the insurance industry, life and non-life, in that order, in the interest of the welfare of the insured. However, it was not adequate to improve insurance penetration in the country or for that matter, to come out with new insurance products in consonance with the changing dynamics of the country’s economy, as subsequent events proved. Hence the country welcomed back the private sector in the insurance space. Some of the private players have really acquitted themselves admirably. Supplemented by a dedicated regulator, the insurance industry is well set to come out with newer and more innovative products, competitively priced. This is welcome since the people of India are yet to take insurance with the seriousness it deserves. However, the pace of insurance penetration has been improving steadily and that in itself proves that opening up the insurance sector to private players has led to a win-win situation for all stakeholders
Keywords: IRDA, Underwriting, ULIP, Premium, insurance penetration
Development and Anthropology: Moving From Participatory to Collaborative Methods
Department of Sociology, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.
Volume 09, Issue 08, Pg. 33- 44, 2016.
Abstract: The approach broadly known as participatory development has become a catchphrase in both development theory and practice. The idea of local populations becoming involved in processes of transforming their communities, first introduced as participatory rural appraisal (PRA), marked a paradigm shift in development methods. By the 1990s, participatory approaches, incorporated by the World Bank in its projects, had become incorporated into mainstream development methods. However, in recent years, development has come under severe criticism despite this approach. These critiques—part of the broader post-modern debate that gained prominence in the 1990s—though valuable, do not offer an alternative. Is participatory development—or development as it is currently theorized and practiced—achieving what it promises to?
This paper reviews recent critiques of development and then discusses a few promising approaches that may contribute towards transcending the current impasse. One approach can be found within recent methodological developments within the discipline of anthropology. Many of the criticisms against participatory development parallel criticisms raised against anthropological methods. It is in reflecting on the criticisms of “participatory observation” in anthropology that Luke Lassiter, drawing upon feminist and post-modern approaches to collaboration, developed an approach known as “collaborative ethnography.” The standard of collaboration that he introduces goes much further than mere participation. Collaboration is an act of reciprocal co-creation and co-interpretation, from the conception of the project through to the analysis of the data collected. It requires that the project articulate knowledge from the indigenous standpoint, rather than through externally imposed assumptions and concepts. This approach, as Lassiter himself recognizes, calls into question current institutional practices within academia, such as favoring single-authored works and the tendency to favor academic knowledge over indigenous knowledge.
A similar shift needs to take place within development practice if it is to move beyond its current understanding of participation. The process of co-creating development projects based on local relevance and knowledge, and co-interpreting findings with the local community, will call into question the role of development “experts”, the relevance of development organizations and fundamental assumptions of knowledge and power underlying development’s world-building enterprise. This approach that I call collaborative development thus has the potential to re-imagine development from the bottom up and take into account local contexts, relevance and interests. In many ways, the move to collaborative development returns to the origins of activist participatory research, but goes further by taking into account the influence of global, hegemonic flows of power on local processes. It is at this global-local intersection that development consultants, or to be more specific, development collaborators will have relevance. Rather than being perceived as “experts”, development collaborators are those intimately familiar with local processes in multiple places and are able to share experiences and insights generated from one grassroots locality to another without imposing formulas.
Keywords: Anthropology of development, collaborative development, collaborative ethnography, grassroots development, participatory development