Volume 02 Issue 07

OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development
Open access peer-reviewed journal 

Gender-Related Differences of Malaysian Students in their Solution Processes of Solving Mathematical Problems
a   Nabeel Abedalaziz
a Faculty of Education,Department of educational psychology and counseling,
 University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Volume 02, Issue 07, Pg. 12-42, 2011.

Abstract: This study examined the gender differences of Malaysian students in their solution processes of solving routine and non routine mathematical problems. A total of 289 sixth grade Chinese and 341 sixth grade Malay students participated in the study. The Chinese sample consisted of 144 female and 145 male students, and the Malay sample consisted of 165 female and 176 male students. A set of 31 routine items, and 5 non routine problems was developed. Results of the study showed that: (1) There is  no significant gender differences on solving routine problems for both Malay and Chinese samples. (1)  none of routine items revealed DIF. (3) There is no significant gender differences on solving non routine problems for both Malay and Chinese samples. (4) There is no significant gender differences on the strategies of solving non routine problems for both Malay and Chinese samples. A qualitative analysis of student responses to routine and non routine problems showed that male and female students exhibit similar errors and similar solution strategies  of solving  routine and non routine problems.

Keywords: Execution, Integration, Nonroutine problems, Planning, Routine problems, Translation

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Nigerian Children Sexual Abuse as a Result of Child Labour
Azizah Mohd a, Yusuff Jelili Amuda b
a Ahmad Ibrahin Kulliyyah of Laws, International Islamic University, Malaysia. 
b Faculty of Human Sciences, Sultan Idris Education University, Perak, Malaysia.

Volume 02, Issue 06, Pg. 37-44, 2011.

Abstract: Many Nigerian working children were the victims of sexual abuse as consequence and result of child labour across the nation. Some of them were raped, sexually abused by adult or peers due to the inadequate security to check and control crass act in society. This study examines the Nigerian provisions and rules against child sexual abuse and the gravity of punishment against the criminal whether such punishment capable and sufficient to serve the deterrent and lesson which are the purpose of punishment. The study further examines the punishment insight of Shariah to compare the best punishment to eradicate child sexual abuse across the nation. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were explored to discover undocumented facts and information on the subject matter. Useful suggestions were suggested in the best interest of child and nation at large. 

Keywords: child, abuse, rape, prostitute, abortion.

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Wrong policies and negative development: anti- sustainability
Azam Ghavidel a, Maryam Ahmadi b, Majid Mokhtaridoust c, Mehdi Damaliamiri d
a, b Department of Humanities and literature, Hamedan Branch,Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran.
c, d Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.

Volume 02, Issue 06, Pg. 46-51, 2011.

Abstract: After the Islamic revolution in Iran 1978, the motto of justice for all became the rubric of governments in different aspects of life. As most of the population lived in rural areas having suffered from poverty, ignorance and lack of facilities, the attention was paid more and more to these areas to balance the distribution of wealth and resources. In the first attempts, there were built roads from the cities towards the village to facilitate the transportation and transmission of agricultural goods and products. Meanwhile, the focus on education necessitated the governments to establish rural schools and send teachers from cities to villages to teach .The establishment of health centers and local hospitals in the villages was among the initiatives performed nation-wide to spread health for villagers. Everything on the paper was straight and true. After a decade, there appeared great problems for all of the population and the government. In fact, the policies of government in the realm of sustainable development for rural areas became destructive and the trend of development became reversed. Most of the villagers found the village intolerable and tried to find a position in the cities in the hope of a higher status. On the other hand, allocation of university seats for remote area dwellers and villagers pushed a lot of students toward the cities. These persons never dreamt of returning to their village to continue their parents` occupation and practically the farms and villages became deserted. Supportive policies of governments in medicine and education could not solve the problem and the trend of migration from villages to the cities grew faster than ever, rural population became less and less and agricultural system underwent a great harm. The only thing which could be in favor of development was a transition from rural architecture toward luxurious life and buildings which had no compatibility with traditions. This paper scrutinizes the trend of social development toward the sustainability in rural areas of Iran in three decades.

 Keywords: agriculture, development, education, facilities, villagers

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Art Ability Of Blind Students Aged Thirteen to Fifteen Years in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Fahad Alshemmeri a, Abu Talib Putih b, Nabeel  Abedalaziz c
a, b Faculty of Education, Educational foundation, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
c Faculty of Education,Educational psychology and counseling, 
University of Malaya,50633 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Volume 02, Issue 06, Pg. 51-65, 2011.

Abstract: The present study was conducted to explore art ability of the middle team blind students in the King Dom of Saudi Arabia. Specifically, The present study sought answers to the following questions: Is the progress in the blind students’ ability to make different forms of art increases across ages? Do the students’ ability of different ages show significant difference by gender? Is there a significant difference in the blind students’ art ability between those studying in special schools and those in integrated schools?  Is there a relation between the blind students’ art ability and their academic achievement?.

A total of  238 (155 male and 85 female) blind students in the intermediate classes (71 students in class 7, 93 student in class 8, and 74 student in class 9) participated in the study. The samples have been selected from 31 integrated schools and 4 special schools (i.e., 140 student in special schools, and 98 student in integrated schools). The assessment model (checklists) to assess three dimensions of art ability (i.e. Drawing, Handcraft, and Clay) were developed. 

Data analyzed using MANOVA analysis. The study indicated that: (1) the progress in the blind students’ ability to make different forms of art increases across ages. (2)  there is no gender-related differences in art ability and its dimensions. (3) there is an interaction effect of gender and age in the drawing. (4)  there is significant differences in the blind students’ art ability between those studying in special schools and those in integrated schools for the students in integrated schools. (5) there are  significant positive relations between art ability and academic achievement (i.e. Social studies, Mathematics, English language, and Science).

Keywords: Art ability, Blind, Clay, Drawing, Handcraft. 

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The Religious Expression in Indonesia: From Orthodoxy of Muslims to Splinter and Radicalism
Salman Harun a, Mohamad Avicenna b , Eva Mushoffa c , Mohammad Atqa d
a Faculty of Education, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta.
b Faculty of Psychology, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta.
c, d Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta.

Volume 02, Issue 06, Pg. 66-82, 2011.

Abstract: The study attempts to investigate the factors that motivated the members of splinter groups to convert from Muslim mainstream. Splinter groups of Muslims are considered against Islamic beliefs especially due to its teaching. Talking about the splinter group, then there is no meaning without the benchmark of orthodoxy or the mainstream. Almost all group had stamped as splinter in Indonesia, it has indeed been banned, forbidden or at least controversial by orthodoxy, which may be deemed to be represented by authoritative agencies such Indonesian Ulama Council (MUI), Muhammadiyah, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) and so forth. Some examples of splinter groups: Jamaah Islamiyah, Ahmadiyah Qadian, DI (Darul Islam)/TII (Islamic Troops of Indonesia), Shi’ah, Baha’i, Inkarus Sunnah, Darul Arqam, Jamaah Imran, Mufarridiyah, Bantaqiyah, Qur’an suci (Holly Qur’an), Sekte Hari Kiamat (Domsday sect), Mukmin Mubaligh, Alqiadah Islamiah, Jaringan Islam Liberal (Liberal Islam Network), Front Pembela Islam – FPI (Islamic Defender Group) and Laskar Jihad (Holly War Warriors). There are still dozens more splinter groups in Indonesia, which has not been mentioned.

Splinter groups actually gave birth to three patterns of Muslims that influence the discourse and action on behalf of Islam: Islam fundamentalism, Islam radicalism and Islam terrorism. The outcomes of these three patterns of Muslims are ideology of radicalism, extremism and terrorism. Others aim for the establishment of an Islamic state in the country, fanaticism of ideological leaders, liberalism and deviancies.

In this context, it is pertinent to investigate in greater detail the central issue in question i.e. what are the factors that contributed the members of splinter groups to convert from Muslim mainstream, what are the dominant factors that contributed them to convert, and how was the understanding of Islam developed by the followers of splinter groups. 

This study adopts a quantitative research approach. The 35 persons from FPI (Central Jakarta), Shi’ah (Central Jakarta) and Islam Liberal Network (Central Jakarta) will be given questionnaire.  

Keywords: Experience Islam, Meaning, Radicalism, Splinter 

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Nigeria’s federalism and the agitation for resource control in the Niger-delta region

Dare Arowolo a

a Department of Political Science and Public Administration, 

Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria

Volume 02, Issue 06, Pg. 83-88, 2011.

Abstract: Nigerian federalism was designed to reflect and sustain what could best be described as centralism. A situation that makes other component units subservient to and reliant on the federal government even on the critical issues of development and age-long neglect. Dissatisfied with the ways resources are being allocated, the Niger-Delta region embarked on the agitation and struggle for control of its resources. This paper, therefore, chose to look at the nature of its agitation vis-à-vis federal arrangement in Nigeria and the feasibility of actualizing this dream. The paper adopted theoretical elucidation to present explicit explanation of federalism and the way it is practiced in Nigeria. It also went further to suggest various ways of evolving better future for the Niger-Delta capable of promoting egalitarianism and peaceful co-existence.

 Keywords: Allocation, Co-existence, Egalitarianism, Environment, Government, State

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Crime against Maids:  An Evaluation of Shariah and Civil Law Punishment
  Ashgar Ali Ali Muhamed a, Yusuff Jelili Amuda b
a Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws, International Islamic University, Malaysia.
b Faculty of Human Sciences, Sultan Idris Education University, Perak, Malaysia

Volume 02, Issue 06, Pg. 89-104, 2011.

Abstract: It is undeniable facts that many maids whom have been abused sexually, physically, mentally, and psychologically by their employers or employer’s family or relative. Therefore, this study examines how Shari’ah punishment can be applied as a deterrent punishment and lesson to others. It is individual rights to work as employee based on his or her class, status, and educational career. Shari’ah is the only law that gives all rights to human being regardless of his or her status, gender, tribe, and religion. The study will apply quantitative and qualitative methods for the analysis. Questionnaire and interviewed would be conducted on subject matter in order to discover undocumented facts. The sample would be conducted in certain universities such as UPSI, IIUM, and UKM in Malaysia.  This survey or data will be sampled as an empirical evidence and proof that many maids were sexually abused while some were inflicted with injuries. Globally, maids’ abuse is very serious and complex and it needs deterrent punishment to reduce high percentage of criminal against maids. The study also aims to discover the effectiveness of the Shari’ah to serve as best law to secure maids rights and protect them in working places.  Finally, useful solution to outstanding problem and suggestions would be suggested in the findings. 

Keywords: Maid, Abuse, Shari’ah punishment, Hudud, and Qisas

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