OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development
Open access peer-reviewed journal
Rain Water Harvesting for Sustainable Biodiversity Conservation at Lawachara National Park in Bangladesh: A Study on Policy Challenges
Md. Rahimullah Miah a, Alexander K. Sayok a,b, Ahi Sarok c, Mohammad Belal Uddin d
a,b Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia,
c Faculty of Social Science, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia.
d Department of Forestry and Environmental Science,
Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh
a Corresponding Author: Assistant Professor, Biological Sciences and Technology,
Jalalabad Teachers’ Training College, Sylhet, Affiliated with National University, Bangladesh,
Volume 10, Issue 01, Pg. 11-27, 2017.
Abstract: An assessment on the rain water management policy at a protected area for conserving biodiversity was undertaken. The study focuses on the current status of biodiversity with respect to ecological changes and community environmental awareness at the Lawachara National Park (LNP) in Moulvibazar district of Bangladesh. The contemporaneous era of modernization and globalization indicates a lot of comfort and luxurious life where lead to an alarming situation of huge environmental degradation integrated with all the apprehensive activities. Now a days the entire sectors in the world economy is facing massive challenges to deal with the global warming, climate change, environmental problems, loss of biodiversity and its consequences present one of the most important threats to the protected areas. Due to all these reasons, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) have started modifying its activities and strategies through Aichi Targets to ensure protection to our natural resources and environment, particularly biodiversity conservation at protected areas. Everyone exploits them but none can conserve profoundly due to lack of scientifically effective policies, tools and methods in national park areas. The study explores the present uniqueness of inland water management, land use, environmental and forest policy towards Lawachara National Park for Biodiversity Conservation according to Aichi Target 11 of the CBD. The study examined the exclusivity of the tools to enhance conservation through existing approaches, technology, literature reviews, observations, reconnaissance findings and undertook interviews with park managers, Team Leader of Co-management Committee, Indigenous Community Leader, Academics, Biodiversity Specialists, Water Management Officer, Botanists, Zoologists, Researchers, Environmental Lawyers, land user, Learners, Policy-Maker, Local Government Leaders, NGOs and effective key stakeholders. All data were sorted and analysed using SPSS software for development of priorities Logic Model. About 55% of the respondents agreed that rain water should be harvested at LNP during rainy season as for importance of biodiversity information. The study showed that 42% and 55% of the respondents respectively stated that it is essential and very essential for the authority to undertake the necessary action to fulfill the Aichi Target of CBD at the existing protected area management. During winter and summer season water scarcity tends to highly ecosystem services at LNP. This scarcity assessment will support policy and decision-makers in assessing options to modify existing policies which will develop initial long-term strategic plans for rain water harvesting and implement effective policies for sustainable biodiversity conservation. The study also highlights on the steps, initiatives, benefits and future of rain water harvesting technology in Bangladesh context. Moreover, the study regarded the need for protection of biodiversity at LNP while reducing the water scarcity, removing illegal hunting and loss of biodiversity issues during dry and winter seasons. Overall, the research revealed that terrestrial water harvesting at protected areas requires policy improvement for sustainable conservation. However, policy makers and relevant bodies need to be trained on biodiversity and water to make them more effective. Finally, the study suggests future research trajectories using a new collaborative approach to drive methodological agenda and recommends ways to further incorporate the need of upcoming generation on water management policy at protected areas in stimulating environmental sustainability.
Keywords: Biodiversity; National Park; Rain Water; Sustainability; Water Policy
Influence of religious orientation and personality trait towards forgiving attitude among students
Netty Hartati a, Mahmud Jalal b, Yufi Adriani c
a Psychology Department, State Islamic University, Jakarta, Indonesia
b Communication and Da’wa Department, State Islamic University, Jakarta, Indonesia.
c School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Deakin University, Australia.
Volume 10, Issue 01, Pg. 28-34, 2017.
Abstract: Forgiving attitude is not self-rejecting attitude as a defense against affection and self-assessment. Forgiving is an attitude of degrading the motivation of revenge or a willingness to make peace with the wrongdoer. Willing to forgive is the path to happiness and peace of mind. In facing and forgiving other people, what makes us feel uncomfortable is influenced by religiousness and the personality of the relevant person. This research aims at testing the religious oriented influence and personality trait towards the forgiving attitude of the students of UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, The sample of the research includes 555 students of UIN Jakarta. The technique used sampling is non-probability sampling. The result of the research shows that there is a significant influence in both religious oriented variable and personality traid towards the forgiving attitude. The influences between the exogeneous latent variable and endogeneous latent variable are the intrinsic religious oriented variable, extrinsic religious oriented and neuroticism personality which are statistically significant. Meanwhile, the extraversion personality variable, openness to experiences, agreeableness, and conscientiousness are not statistically significant towards the forgiving attitude.
Keywords: Forgiving Attitude, Religious Orientation, Personality Trait
The Influence of Organizational Culture on Corporate Performance:Using Management Accounting System as the Mediating Variable
Gandhi Heryanto a, Yvonne Augustine b
a,b Department of Accounting, Faculty of Economics and Business, Trisakti University, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Volume 10, Issue 01, Pg. 35-49, 2017.
Abstract: Purpose:The purpose of this research is mostly to explore the influence of organizational culture on corporate performance at Indonesia Stock Exchange listed companies, with Management Accounting System (MAS) being the mediating variable.
Method/Design :The target population in this study consists of C-level at the existing 100 Indonesia Stock Exchange companies, selected using purposive convenience sampling. The linear Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was adopted to verify the goodness-of-fit effects among the overall model, structural model and measurement model. This study focuses on the path coefficients between latent variables of the structural model, with the Bayesian Estimation used to test the significance of the model’s direct effect, mediating effect and total effect.
Findings : Findings from this research include: (1) organizational culture has no direct influence on corporate performance; and (2) organizational culture has a significantly positive influence on management accounting system, which in turn affects the organizational performance in a significant and positive manner. In summary, management accounting system has a fully mediating effect.
Implication : Good organizational culture will influence MAS which mediate fully to corporate performance.
Future Research : Each of organizational culture dimensions should be tested to find which is the strong influence MAS. Is there any possibility that after tested each dimensions, we can find the weakness and strongest has influenced corporate performance.
Originality and Value : Management Accounting system as a full mediating variable is a new finding which can be used to improve organizational success.
Keywords: Organizational culture, Management Accounting System, Organizational performance.
Sustainability: The Nordic Model with Special Reference to Norway
Nord University, 8049 Bodo, Norway.
Volume 10, Issue 01, Pg. 50-60, 2017.
Abstract: The sceptic view on globalization suggests, the neoliberal agenda led to increased inequalities and global crises; economic, political, social. Amid global crises, the performances of the Nordic countries draw curious attention of the development researchers. Globalisation of Social Democracy is recommended in order to redress the growing inequalities, and meet the challenges posed by global crises. This calls for examining the policies and strategies that shaped the patterns of Nordic model of development. This is the subject matter of this paper. It makes a brief analysis of some major feature of the Nordic model: growth with equity; a high degree of public commitment; income and means of subsistence independent of market forces; a high rate of employment; class compromise between capital, labour and peasants. The analysis directs our attention to the complex relationship between sustainability and equality.
Key concepts: Equality; Inequality; Social Democracy; Sustainability