OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development
Open access peer-reviewed journal
Role of Constructive Teaching Approach in Science Teaching for Sustainable Development
Amanjot Kaur a, Parminder Kaur b
a Department of Botany, Lyallpur Khalsa College, Jalandhar, India.
b Government College, Hoshiarpur, India.
Volume 09, Issue 12, Pg. 11-18, 2016.
Abstract: For hundreds of years there does exist a long term sustainability of economic and cultural systems in human societies. They are living as healthy and happy individuals in stable communities and caring families and have shown that it is possible to live in harmony with the natural world. This is possible because of indigenous system of education which established a human and natural ecology totally at one with each other. The native people love and respect the land as a mother, they believe that plants, animals, water, wind all are essential part of ongoing life cycles. Various ways includes direct instruction, stories, dances, ceremonies and art through which the beliefs and knowledge flows and pass down the generations. These all are part of indigenous approaches to education that link people to the land through culture and through culture to land. Knowledge about plants and animals, the functions of ecosystems and the way people use resources is taught mainly through science subject to school students who are the future nation builders. The science subject supports the prudent management of the encouragement and development for the daily survival and future development of humanity. In other words science helps in achieving sustainable development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Here teachers play very important role and are indispensable to changing pupils’ attitude so that they develop the capacity to assess and address their sustainable development concerns. The most stimulating and engaging teaching and best learning occurs when science is brought to life and pupils are given the chance to conduct, record and evaluate their own investigation. Children construct knowledge better through their own exploration. While teaching science it should be kept in mind that methods of teaching science should be innovative. Constructivism is a theory which assists learners to construct knowledge of their own which in turn results in better learning and developing the confidence among students which plays an important role in understanding the key concepts related to sustainable development. The present paper deals with a study conducted to compare the effect of constructive teaching and traditional teaching on academic confidence of students. The objectives were to study the effect of constructive teaching approach in science teaching on secondary school students in terms of academic confidence for sustainable development. Various constructive teaching techniques were enlisted and some constructive strategies were developed. The sample of 200 students was raised randomly from schools of Jalandhar district. After administering the pre-test on the whole sample, the experimental group was taught with these constructive techniques and the control group was taught with traditional techniques. After the experiment the post-test was conducted on the whole sample. Data collected was tabulated and statistically analyzed. It was concluded that constructive teaching was better than conventional teaching. The paper explains how various constructive techniques can be used to minimize cramming and help students explore themselves. It can also be used to bring out the inhibit talent of student and increase his confidence. It was observed that students showed keen interest in the subject of science when taught with constructive teaching approach. It is suggested that constructive teaching strategies should be introduced as the part of curriculum of teacher training programs so that the students as well as teachers may play an effective role in achieving sustainable development in our knowledge based society.
Keywords: Constructive teaching, Sustainable development, Academic confidence
Effect of Servant Leadership, Job Satisfaction and Policy Governance to Nonprofit Organizations Performance in Indonesia
Yvonne Augustine a, Susilawati Muslimah b
a,b Department of Economics, Faculty of Accounting, Trisakti University, Jakarta, Indonesia
Volume 09, Issue 12, Pg. 19-34, 2016.
Abstract: Purpose – This study is aimed at the development of the theory of non-profit organizations (team-base) in Indonesia. Empirically testing and analysis on the effect of servant leadership, job satisfaction, and policy governance to organizational performance.
Design/methodology/approach – The sample was escort team national community empowerment program, in 21 provinces and 89 City/Regency. With stratified sampling method and survey carried out by on-line through the web-site program. Performance was measured with a input-impacts model, while servant leadership and job satisfaction using the OLA (Organizational Leadership Assessment). Measurement Policy Governance Models is used IPGA 2014. All measurements using a Likert type scale interval with a 7-point format and hypothesis testing used SEM-Partial Least Square (PLS).
Findings – This study provides empirical evidence effect of servant leadership and policy governance on performance. However, it is not able to support the effect of job satisfaction on performance.
Limitations – The limited number of samples can be tested in future research. In addition, job satisfaction measurements possible with Minessota Satisfaction Questionnaire. Testing the pattern structure more complex relationship (with moderating or mediating variables) and the disclosure of other contextual variables are also possible, such as the other leadership style, intellectual capital, the level of work stress, or aspects of knowledge organization to improve robustness.
Implications – Results of this study can be considered government in analyzing the performance of other programs, and measure program impacts with the pattern of assistance, including the implementation of Law No. 6/2014 of the village. For KNKG is possible to consider the principlies of policy governance in the review of the general guidelines GPG (good public governance).
Authenticity/value – Based on a review of previous studies, this research as a new test of variables of servant leadership, performance (performance) with input-impact approach, and policy governance models of the non-profit organization in Indonesia.
Keywords: leadership style, job satisfaction, Governance, servant leadership
An Analysis of Factors Affecting the Capital Structure and Return on Shares with Family Ownership as a Moderating Variable
(An Empirical Study of Companies that are Listed in the Indonesia Stock Exchange)
Vinola Herawaty a, Henik Hari Astuti b
a,b Magister Accounting. Faculty of Economics and Business, Trisakti University, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Volume 09, Issue 12, Pg. 35-58, 2016.
Abstract: In doing daily activities of the Company, funding is required to achieve the goals set . This fund may be obtained from internal and external sources . Funds from the internal form of retained earnings and own capital , funds from the external form of a loan from a third party that are both long term and short term , both investment loans and working capital loans . The composition of the debt to equity describes the financial structure , and the composition of long-term debt to equity capital structure illustrates. Financial management seeks to optimize the management of these resources .Capital structure and stock returns are important parts of the analysis of a company’s financial statements. There has been a lot of research conducted on these two components above. But no theory can not explain which ideal factors that have affect the optimal capital structure and stock return. Therefore the main objective of this research is to analyze factors affecting the capital structure and return on share. The independent variable in this research are growth, profitability, risk, dividend yield, while family ownership is a moderating variable. Company size is a control variable.
The research is focused on companies listed on Indonesian Stock Exchange for period of 2010-2012. The data was collected using purposive sampling method. The sample used that meet the qualifications are 378 samples. The statistical method used is multiple regressio using SPSS as a tool. The classic assumption tests – normality test, multicolinearity test, heteroscedacity test, autocolinearity test, test of coefficient determination and F-test were done before testing the hypothesis.
The results of the study showed that of the four variables proposed in this research proved the hyphotesis which the growth of assets, profitability (ROE), risk and dividend yield, only growth have a positive effect on the capital structure, while profitability and dividend yield variable has a negative effect, while the risk is has not an influence on the capital structure. While on stock returns, only profitability (ROE) have a positive influence, growth, profitability and risk have no effect on stock returns. In this study also shawing from that family ownership as a moderating variable, family ownership only weakened the relation between profitability and capital structure. For the other variables, family ownership did not moderate the relation between each variable and the capital structure as well as stock returns.
Keywords: Capital Structure, Stock Return, Asset Growth, Profitability, Risk, Dividend Yield , Family Ownership and Firm Size .
Technical, Moral Competencies and Communication Skills for Sustainability of Accounting Profession
Harti Budi Yanti a, Hasnawati b, Christina Dwi Astuti c
a,b,c Department of Accounting, Faculty of Economics and Business, Trisakti University, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Volume 09, Issue 12, Pg. 59-64, 2016.
Abstract: This study examined about affect of technical, moral competencies and communications skills toward auditors’ fraud detection capabilities. There are two independent variables i.e. technical competence and communication skill, and one of dependent variable i.e fraud detection capabilities that used in the research model. Moral competence was treated as moderating variable. The research data was obtained from 342 public accountants (external auditors), who came from 13 public accountant firm in Jakarta, Indonesia. Sampling method is convenience sampling. From the statistical testing using Smart Partial Least Square (PLS) 3.2, it shown that technical competence and communication skills have positive effect to the auditors’ fraud detection capabilities. But this study could not prove that moral competence as a moderating variable.
Keywords: technical competence, moral competence, communications skills, auditors’ fraud detection capabilities
Foreign Bank Penetration In Asean And It’s Impact Toward Banking Competition
Syofriza Syofyan a, Bahtiar Usman b
a, b Departement of Economics, Economic Faculty, Trisakti University, Jakarta, 11440, Indonesia
Volume 09, Issue 12, Pg. 65-74, 2016.
Abstract: The existence of foreign banks within a country is to facilitate international trade transactions. As a consequence, foreign banks provide some breakthroughs for local companies to access worldwide financing. It means, through foreign banks, foreign companies can enter the domestic market in terms of financing, investment, or else. The purpose of this study is to measure the impact of foreign banks penetration in ASEAN countries banking industry. The impacts to be measured are limited only in terms of competition during 2002-2014. Foreign bank penetration is measured by ratio of foreign assets to total assets of banks. The level of banking competition is measured using Panzar-Rosse approach as used by Shaffer (2004) which refers to the Panzar Rosse (1987). Panel Regression method used to estimate the effect of the penetration of foreign banks on the level of banking competition. This research show that foreign bank penetration have negative relationship with bank competition im ASEAN. So, decision maker in each country have to take prudent policy in term of foreign bank penetration.
Keywords: ASEAN, Bank Competition, Bank Concentration, Foreign Bank Penetration, and Panzar Rose Competition