Volume 01 Issue 03

OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development
Open access peer-reviewed journal 

Domenec Mendeza
aGeneralitat de Catalunya; LiveScripts Non-profit Association

Volume 01, Issue 03, Pg. 11-18, 2010

Abstract: This qualitative research is an attempt to understand the dynamics of gender inequality from the perspective of depth psychology, mythology and other sources with the conviction that such understanding could help us recognize the historical protagonism of women, re-discover the sacredness of sexuality and provide some key arguments in today’s crisis of values, ideologies and economy. It should inspire politicians and legislators a third alternative in dealing with prostitution beyond Dutch and Swedish policies; publicity managers might find more effective, less sexist means to advertise goods and services; and publishers could discover the potential of Junguian archetypal research to apply to citizenship teaching, inter-cultural issues and self-help.

Keywords: Archetypes, collective-unconscious, gender, parity

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Trading culture: have western-educated emirati females gone western?
Maher Khelifaa,
Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, Zayed University, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Volume 01, Issue 03, Pg. 19-30, 2010

Abstract: The United Arab Emirates’ large Western expatriate workforce as well as the economic and global pressure for the use of English in education and the workplace have created a high demand for Western and Western-modeled schools and universities around the country. A large number of English-speaking schools and universities are currently available and cater equally for expatriate and Emirati students. Some universities and colleges adopting Western curricula are even fully funded by the government as in the case of Zayed University. Unlike their parents, many Emirati youth now follow Western curricula delivered in English by Western and Western-educated faculty, and are therefore heavily exposed to Western thought, ideals, values, and behaviors. The purpose of the study was to explore cultural changes in Emirati Muslim female university students as a result of their exposure to Western culture as they pursue their undergraduate education in a Western-modeled university in the United Arab Emirates. Findings showed that females are still anchored to their Arab-Islamic culture yet increasingly show a strong interest in Western lifestyles and English language use. Females’ shifts toward Westernization included alterations to traditional behaviors, attitudes, and an increased Western value orientation.

Keywords: Cultural alienation, Cultural identity change, Emirati Muslim female undergraduate university students, Western curricula, Western-modeled undergraduate university education.

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Gender Based Violence Response Services in Post Conflict Resettlement and Reintegration Settings An expository analysis of factors hindering GBV incident reporting in Magwi County, southern Sudan
Ronnie James K. Murungua
aGBV Program Coordinator, American Refugee Committee International, South Sudan Program

Volume 01, Issue 03, Pg. 31-36, 2010

Abstract: The notoriety of gender based violence in conflict and post conflict settings cannot be over­emphasized. It’s devastating effects on women and the girl child is beyond comprehension, yet still, it is a reality that tends to be overlooked. Its effect is too often compromised by lukewarm observance of laws and policies in the name of culture. This paper is an expository analysis of gender based violence in Magwi County of Southern Sudan with a particular focus on factors hindering GBV incident reporting to both the health and legal facilities. This study is an exposition of some of the very missing tenets that facilitate development.[1]

Keywords: Gender Violence, Reintegration, Resettle­ment

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Jillian L.D. Burford Grinnela,
aGender Studies, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Volume 01, Issue 03, Pg. 37-42, 2010

Abstract: Canada is one of the only industrialized countries that does not have a national school meal program.  Even a number of developing countries like Brazil, Costa Rica and Indonesia, have school meal programs that are funded and regulated by their federal governments.  The USA federal government has provided subsidized meal programs since 1946, conversely, the Canadian federal government makes no contribution to school meal programs.  Why?  During the 1940s and 1950s, Canada considered funding a national school meal program and rejected it.  This political history of Canada’s attempts to institute a national meal program has never been explored.  I will consider why women, in particular single mothers, continue to struggle to raise families; as 51.6% of lone parent families headed by women live in poverty and to explore why Canada is one of the only industrialized countries that does not have a nationally funded or nationally regulated school meal program.  I will explore the existing school meal programs that developed in the late 1980s as a response to perceptions of children arriving at school hungry. Poverty is strongly linked to poor health and poor school achievement. 

Keywords: Canada, food security, gender and poverty, school meal programs.

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Erwin A.J. Dreessena
aFormerly with the Small Business Policy Branch, Small Business and Marketplace Services Sector,
Industry Canada.

Volume 01, Issue 03, Pg. 43-46, 2010

Abstract: Adopting more sustainable practices is an option for any size or type of business. There is much low-hanging fruit, where more sustainable conduct is immediately profitable. Numerous studies have shown that it pays to be green. Most studies also find that stock markets reward more sustainable behaviour. Governments have a key role to play in helping businesses become more sustainable. There is a dire need for generally accepted metrics for corporate initiatives that support greater sustainability.

Keywords: annotated bibliography, business sustainability, corporate social responsibility, environmental management systems, research priorities.

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Small anatomy of georgian-ossetian conflict
Maia Tsaboshvilia,
aGeorgian Ossetian Union “Iber-Iron”, Georgia.

Volume 01, Issue 03, Pg. 46-50, 2010

Abstract: In the 90s of the past century the Soviet Union disappeared from the world map and several new sovereign countries were created. These countries, especially south Caucasus’s 3 republics: Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan, started facing political, economical, ethnic and religious confrontations (e.g. Georgian conflicts in Apkhazia and Ossetia; Armenia-Azerbaijan armed confrontation for Kharabagh). The main aim of my speech is to portray from the main points of existing ethno-territorial political conflicts and 20 years anatomy of Georgian-Ossetian conflict which started in 1989 and mistakes which were made by the parties during the regulation, which resulted in war in August 2008, the smallest war of the 20th century: “The war over South Ossetia lasted only one week, but will have devastating consequences for civilians for generations to come.” said Rachel Denber, Europe and Central Asia director at Human Rights Watch [1].

Keywords: ethno-territorial conflicts, political conflicts, Ossetians

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aAdrienne J. Duperly, bR. Warren Flint, cFredrick Zenny, dAndrew Kailey, dAndrew Blanchard, dMeghna Kararia
aCostal Beauty Foundation,bFive E’s Unlimited, Napa, California, U.S.A, cSan San Portland, Jamaica
dSaint Mary’s University, Halifax, NS, Canada

Volume 01, Issue 03, Pg. 51-105, 2010

Abstract: This paper, documenting current issues facing Blue Lagoon – environmentally, economically and socially, was a collaborative effort spurred by a vision from Ms. Adrienne Joan Duperly. The Concept Plan outlines potential initiatives which could be undertaken to rejuvenate Heritage and maintain the environmental integrity of the Blue Lagoon itself, as well as provide sustainable economic initiatives for the residential population. Ms. Duperly had a vision to construct a document to generate discussion at Blue Lagoon Summit 2010 encompassing Blue Lagoon area and adjacent communities in Portland. The Summit themes of Land, Wood, and Water are the focal point for all potential initiatives and addressing them should centre on the preservation of these aspects. All stakeholders will be encouraged to participate in developing a plan to add value to the environment and local community. An initiative which would see people maximizing earnings but further harming the land, wood, and water surrounding the Blue Lagoon may seem favourable; however other factors must be considered. If an initiative offers a significant financial return, but only offers short term gains before the natural surroundings decline to a level where people stop coming, it cannot be considered sustainable. There must be a mix between enhancing the environmental integrity of the area and the creation of local employment opportunities. Preserving the Blue Lagoon can be the catalyst for sustainably developing the community as a whole, and that is the goal of the Blue Lagoon Heritage Concept Plan. An array of research undertakings from personal interviews, online resources, journal articles, and text books were used to develop this paper. A major resource was a San San and adjacent communities report done by Fredrick Zenny. On July 28, 2010 the Executive Director of Jamaica National Heritage Trust endorsed the Blue Lagoon concept as presented.

Keywords: Blue Lagoon; Jamaica; Preservation of Heritage Sites;[1]Sustainable; Development.

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