Volume 15, Issue 04

OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development
Open-access peer-reviewed journal

Presentism on Sustainability on the effect of Multiple Flood in Chennai Tamil Nādu during Nov and Dec 2021 month
Satish Menon
School of Business, Alliance University, Bangalore, India.

Volume 15, Issue 04, Pg. 11-14, 2022.

Abstract: Presentism is an attitude where practice can only make the people and community strong.

The study aimed at bringing the different situation of flood from Tsunami in 2004 to flood in Chennai in 2015 to the two near floods hit in Nov 2021 to show how people practiced  presentism in uncertain conditions through the mother nature. The study focused first on real life scenario of flood situation in Chennai in Dec 2015 where it articulated the devastation caused by the flood to the life of human being and the properties and other assets of the public. It also emphasizes on the help given by the army personnel to the public and how public has sustained themselves for lot of days without power, mobile and internet connection.

The next part focused on the real-life scenario of flood situation in Chennai in Nov 7,2021 where the  study depicted on the flood accumulated from overnight rain and how it flooded the streets of the city thus causing catastrophic situation for the life of human being causing damage to life and property.

It also encompasses the covid situation on those dates of flood thus endangering the life of human beings in double fold one through the flood and other through the covid and the difficulty faced by the people for going to hospital and getting ambulances in emergency.  The last part focused on the repeated flood which came one week after Nov 7,2021 flood and how people adjusted their mindset and practiced presentism resulting in becoming calmer and more composed by the repeated natural disaster in the city of Chennai and helped the people to curb the damages of life and property caused by the earlier floods.

Keywords: Flood, Tsunami, Water logging, Remodeling

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Road crashes in the City of Tshwane, South Africa: Necessity for collaboration among policing units

Makalo Esaia Taumang 1, Paul Oluwatosin Bello 2, Adewale Adisa Olutola 3
1,2,3 Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa.

Volume 15, Issue 04, Pg. 15-26, 2022.

Abstract: Unlawful speeding is a major cause of road crashes in South Africa. This article looks at inter-organisational coordination challenges among the Tshwane Metropolitan Police Department (TMPD), the Gauteng Traffic Police, the National Traffic Police and South African Police Services (SAPS) as police organisations involved in attempts to arrest this problem from a City of Tshwane perspective. The article adopted qualitative research approach supported by 28 experts (participants interviews) with senior officers from the four entities. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. The study found that inter-organisational coordination was severely weakened by competition attitudes in policing and lack of goal congruency in unlawful speed management leading to duplication of ineffective efforts and ultimately poor or unlawful speeding law enforcement. From the study, it emerged that inter-agency cooperation and coordination flourished when individual agencies minimised their internal problems.  Such problems were identified as low officer morale, agencies’ poor performances in courts, corruption and skills issues. The study recommends a coordination strategy that will enhance how the three main traffic law enforcement units work together while each agency needed to improve its internal environment to contribute more effectively to the strategy. This paper explores the elements of competition and collaboration across traffic law enforcement units to understand how this affects traffic law enforcement and its goal of minimising illegal speeding in the City of Tshwane. The paper aims to contribute towards the improvement of multi-agency traffic law enforcement in the City of Tshwane with a higher view that this would have a positive impact on reducing illegal speeding and road crashes and their severe socio-economic consequences.

The study explores inter-organizational collaboration with an approach that for this to produce effective outcomes, an intra organizational challenges affecting the same outcomes need to be managed. As part of its findings, the study shows that illegal speeding and consequential road crashes were caused by an interaction of multiple factors. These were poor human behavioural elements, as the main factor, road-environment factors and vehicle-related factors in the presence of inadequate and uncoordinated traffic law enforcement, weak penal systems for offenders, corruption, poor driver training and low road safety education. The study also found that a coordinated speed management system consisting of adequate and appropriate traffic law enforcement resources, a responsive judicial system, motivated personnel operating within a well-planned and coordinated manner could help to reduce illegal speeding.

The study concluded that the management of illegal speeding in South Africa required new coordinated approaches. The recommendations in this paper will help to guide such a coordinated approach towards the reduction of illegal speeding and its consequences. The major recommendations made were improving coordination among different law enforcement units, fighting corruption in traffic law enforcement and licensing services administration, increasing road safety campaigns, increasing traffic law enforcement resources and developing effective penal systems for speeding offenders and the implementation of the Administrative Adjudication of Road Traffic Offences Act (AARTO).

Keywords: City of Tshwane, organisational coordination, road crashes, South Africa, unlawful speeding.

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The Role of the President in fostering Sustainable Development: A Focus on the Fifth President of Tanzania
Norman Adamson Sigalla King
University of Iringa, Tanzania.

Volume 15, Issue 04, Pg. 27-34, 2022.

Abstract: Presidency is the most crucial and difficulty post one might have in sustaining development of any country. In this regard, other countries the role of president are assumed by the prime minister. We have used the term presidency to include whatever mandate which portrays the top mandate one might have in order to foster sustainable development of the country. This article stems in the leadership style of the former president of Tanzania in the name of Dr. John Pombe Joseph Magufuli – Mahanji (JPM). It is a case study in nature and has articulated experiential, observation and interview to come up with the findings that we have assimilated. This is a case study, which has used Tanzania as an example but the habitual and undertakings of our then president could be manifested in other several settings of other leaders the world over. We have decided however, to observe the characters of some seven persons whom we believe they were close to him to cement on the findings. Hence forth the conclusion reached were at the cost of the respondents. We realize that leadership is the key in bringing development to the people, and that hinges to the good extent is a result of failure of leaders to come up with feasible ways on how to merge between ways to develop and the needs of the people. We therefore conclude that although Magufuli was considered a hero among most leaders, but equally most of those who were seen as key were not pro-him. Hence the development that is echoed to have brought were indeed superb with lots of hinges. We conclude that JPM indeed did many things to foster sustainable development of Tanzania, though he failed to sustain development due to his modality of appointing leaders in favor of one tribe-Wamahanji.

Keywords: Development, election, president/prime minister, leadership

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