OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development
Open access peer-reviewed journal
Students’ Character Building in Indonesia
Causal Study: The Effect of Commitment, Leadership and Personality on Students’ Character Building
University of Aviation Marshal Suryadarma, Indonesia.
Volume 12, Issue 07, Pg. 11-24, 2019.
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Commitment, Leadership and Personality on Students’ Character Building in Indonesia. Indonesia which always tries to catch up, is still affected by the characters which are not based on moral values, so that there are many practices which are not in accordance with norms applied. According to Kompas (11-4-2019) data, child abuse in school increases annually, in which there was 122 cases in 2016, 129 cases in 2017, and 228 cases in 2018.
The method used in this research was survey method. The samples were the high school students in Jakarta, consisted of 80 samples selected randomly. Data analysis used in this research was path analysis. The data obtained were examined using SPSS. Based on the research result, it can be concluded that: (1) there was effect of commitment on character building, (2) there was effect of leadership on character building, and (3) there was effect of personality on character building in Jakarta High School students.
In order to compete in the national and international scope, there is a demand of human resources including well-mannered students in which its building is affected by the factor of integrative personality, high commitment and good leadership.
Keywords: commitment, leadership, personality, character building
Plastic Pollution in India: An Evaluation of Public Awareness and Consumption Behaviour
Kanwal D. P. Singh 1, Aakriti Mathur 2
1,2 University School of Law and Legal Studies, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University,
Sector 16C Dwarka, New Delhi, India.
Volume 12, Issue 07, Pg. 25-40, 2019.
Plastic is a cost-effective, durable and easy to manufacture material and its usefulness and convenience has resulted in its ever-increasing demand. The demand for plastics has also been fuelled by the rise of the ‘use-and-throw’ culture resulting in much of the plastics being designed to be disposed after just one use. These single-use plastics, mostly used as packaging material, account for a substantial chunk of the total plastics manufactured today. However, most plastic is non-biodegradable and it takes up to a thousand years for certain types of plastics to decompose resulting in accumulation of plastic waste, much of it ending up in oceans, causing adverse consequences marine life. The scale of plastic pollution has become alarming with millions of tonnes of plastic waste existing in oceans today. Single-use plastics are the responsible much of this plastic waste and individual consumption behaviour and habits must change to reduce their demand. Presently more than 120 states across the world have some form of regulation on the use of certain types of single-use plastic. India has adopted plastic waste management rules and is committed to abolish all single use plastics in India by the year 2022. While regulating the manufacture and use of these single-use plastics through bans and taxes can influence consumer behaviour, these regulatory policies would be most effective when coupled with increasing the public awareness regarding the risks and harmful effects of plastic pollution, the need for such regulatory policies and the significant impact individual consumption choices can have on reducing the individual’s plastic consumption. This paper examines the public attitudes to combating plastic pollution in India, extent of awareness of plastic pollution, level of public satisfaction with government policy relating to plastic pollution and individual plastic consumption behaviour. The methodology adopted in this research paper is empirical and analytical and the authors will collect primary data through the means of a questionnaire to evaluate the public attitudes to combating plastic pollution in India, extent of awareness of plastic pollution, level of public satisfaction with government policy relating to plastic pollution and individual plastic consumption behaviour. The questionnaire was administered to a random sample of 110 respondents belonging to the age group of 18 – 77 years, selected from urban areas in India. The research paper shall examine the public attitudes to combating plastic pollution in India, extent of awareness of plastic pollution, level of public satisfaction with government policy relating to plastic pollution and individual plastic consumption behaviour and make recommendations for effective outreach programs regarding plastic pollution in India.
Keywords: Attitude to Plastic Pollution; Plastic Consumption Behaviour; Plastic Pollution Awareness.
The challenges of Regulatory Integration in Renewable Energy Frameworks: A Case Study of the Brazilian Regulatory Framework
Rachel Marini Ravagnani
UNSW Law, University of New South Wales, Anzac Pde., Kingsford NSW 2032, Australia.
Volume 12, Issue 07, Pg. 41-52, 2019.
Over the last decades many efforts have been placed on climate change mitigation, including a profound transformation of the energy sector. Renewable energy is considered to have much to contribute in assisting to decarbonize the energy sector. With major shifts occurring in the energy sector, growing attention has been placed on the spill-over effects of the increased production and use of renewables on related sectors, in particular, the water and food sectors. While renewable energy can be a path to aid in the decarbonization of energy systems, an unregulated increase in their use can impact key sectors, such as water and food. The push to renewables and the interactions exposed by the Water-Energy-Food nexus reveals the importance of an integrated regulatory framework. The nexus introduced a major shift of perspective, providing for visibility to interactions between key sectors and addressing the externalities that ties them together. The nexus is embedded with complex governance challenges such as integrated governance and policy coherence, however, its literature in those aspects is either limited and lacking in legal analysis, creating gaps in processes where the nexus seeks to influence.
Keywords: Brazil; integrative governance; regulative framework; renewable energy; WEF nexus
Education as a Pillar for Sustainable Development in Tanzania
Norman Adamson Sigalla King 1, Jane Edward King 2
Parliament of Tanzania/ Iringa University, Tanzania.
University of Dar es salaam, Mkwawa University College, Tanzania.
Volume 12, Issue 07, Pg. 53-58, 2019.
Education is a pillar of development, if and only if, it addresses the challenges of the society. Several international forums and meetings have come up with the need for sustainable development strategies. But equally there seem little to be done to allow sustainability of education systems in particular for developing world such as Tanzania. Sustainable development education which means an education which will carry out the objectives of sustainable environment to allow employment both self and being employed. This paper addresses the challenges that education face in Tanzania, and a way forward towards sustaining it for development. It recalls on the several concepts of education and educators, and makes a sound way of providing education that is sustainable to the development of our countries, hence our continents. Sustainable development is crucial to human beings and the entire creatures of the world. Hence an implementation of strategies that would overlook the sustainability of it, is equally the zeros of that strategy. It is from the stance of sustainable development that this paper has been immerged. This paper is a result of the research work which was carried in Tanzania in 2019 during the official meeting of the Local Government Administration of Tanzania (ALAT), which was held in Mwanza. The paper has assimilated the qualitative analysis study. And it reveals both the challenges as opined by the interviewee and the way forward as proposed by them. The total number of interviewees involvedin this research work is 95, being the City Directors, Municipal Directors, Town Directors, District Executive Directorsof ninety-five councils who responded firmly on our research work. The total number of heads of councils in Tanzania is 185. Hence this study involves about half of the Directors. The article concludes that the perception of Directors of the councils in Tanzania has revealed worthy understanding on what should be done to attain sustainable development. 95 percent of the interviewees reveal that there is need to revamp education system so that it provides answers to the community. 92 percent of the interviewee revealed that education system of Tanzania requires a change from primary school education to facilitate a transferable mind set. 86 percent advised the government on what to start with and what to end with if education need to revamp of economy. It is generally agreed that education is critical to sustainable development if major changes that will be affected to allow an education that allows employability of the graduates culturally and naturally.
Keywords: Development, directors, education, sustainable development, system