OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development
Open access peer-reviewed journal
Illuminating an Airport with Sustainable Energy: Case of Cochin International Airport
P. Paramashivaiah a, Shreya Chakraborthy b, R. Shashidhar c
a,b Department of Commerce, Tumkur University, Tumakuru,Karnataka, India.
c MBA Department, Tumkur University, Tumakuru, Karnataka, India
Volume 11, Issue 11, Pg. 11-17, 2018.
Abstract: Cochin International Airport Limited (CIAL), the country’s first airport built under Public Private Partnership (PPP) model scripted another chapter in aviation history by becoming the first airport in the world that completely operates on solar power. On 18th August 2015, CIAL became completely run on Green energy that was attained by laying a solar power generation facility comprising of 46,150 solar panels laid across 45 acres. CIAL, which has always adhered to the philosophy of sustainable development ventured first into the Solar Power sector in March 2013. They installed a 100 kilowatt solar power plant and only after that being successful they decided to go fully solar in 2015. This paper highlights the journey of CIAL in being the world’s first airport to use solar power and also produce surplus to flawlessly operate a wholly functional international airport. It further discusses the importance of use of renewable energy in building heavy infrastructure as it can be both cost effective as well as energy efficient. The paper uses case study research to understand the glory of CIAL as an energy conservative airport and attain its current glory. The paper further tries to examine the role of green energy for sustainable tomorrow by reducing CO2 emission.
Keywords: CIAL, Green Energy, Solar Power and CO2 emission
Determinants influencing the socio-economic development and sustainability of Dalits’ Entrepreneurship in Dakshina Kannada District of Karnataka in India
A Structural Equation Modeling Approach of Validation
K. Pramod Gonchkar a, Radhakrishna Gowda b,
a Government Ramnarayan Chellaram College of Commerce & Management, Bengaluru, India.
b Department of Business Management, St Philomena College, Puttur, India.
Volume 11, Issue 11, Pg. 17-24, 2018.
Abstract: Entrepreneurship is a volatile concept. The concept of entrepreneurship has been a widely debated and is defined differently by different authors. It has been interpreted in various ways and in various senses. The word entrepreneurship has been derived from a French root „entrepreneur‟ which means “to undertake”. Today, it is considered as the inevitable quality of the business people such as, „risk bearing‟, „innovations,‟ „thrill seeking‟ etc. It is only in recent years that entrepreneurship and the role of entrepreneurs in the process of industrialization and economic development has been recognised in both developed and developing countries. . Dalits are the marginalised section of the society have historically been poor, deprived of basic human rights, and treated as social inferiors in India .The term „Dalit‟ has different meanings for different people.. The word „Dalit‟ comes from the Sanskrit root dal- and means „broken, ground-down, or oppressed‟. Those previously known as Untouchables, Depressed classes, and Harijanas who are sharing 24.4% in the total population (According to 2011 census data) are today increasingly adopting the term „Dalit‟ as a name for themselves. The law of the land guarantees equality to all citizens and this guarantee applies to all aspects of national life including social and economic. This provision was meant to be a tool especially for the upliftment of those sections of the population that had suffered deprivation for long periods in history owing to pernicious caste system. Employment gives economic status to Dalits and economic status paves the way of social status. Dalits constitute almost 25% of Indian population. Majority of the Dalit population in the rural sector is idle and unutilized. This is mainly due to existing social customs. In the modern technology dominated and development driven times, to fulfil the mission of, „Subka Saath- Subka Vikas‟, there is an urgent need as well as wide scope for research on Dalit entrepreneurship in a developing country like India. It is necessary to reflect on the factors that have imprisoned them in the dungeon of depravity and shed light on how to push them to the mainstream of the economy with access to means of better livelihood and opportunities.This research paper is to validate the model of key dimensions or determinants developed by the researcher based on the review of literatures on the factors that measure the overall (in terms of marketing skills, socio-economic) development of Dalits’ entrepreneurs and in turn the sustainability of the enterprises run by the Dalit entrepreneurs..
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, marginalized, employment, economic contribution
Survey on WASH service levels and the enabling environment for provision of sustainable services
Ceaser Kimbugwe a, Kenneth Musabe b Ronnie Murungu c
a, c WaterAid Uganda, Kampala, Uganda.
b Independent Engineering consultant, Kampla, Ugnada.
Volume 11, Issue 11, Pg. 25-65, 2018.
Abstract: This study seeks to illustrate the service levels and enabling environment for the provision of sustainable Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) services in Kampala Uganda. It highlights opportunities, challenges and offers insights to the measures that are required in advancing Water, Sanitation and Hygiene services in the city. This paper has relevance to and provides a benchmark for performance assessment, learning and measurement of progress towards sustainability of WASH services in Kampala. The paper also forms the basis upon which the Sustainable Water, Sanitation and Hygiene project jointly implemented by WaterAid Uganda and Kampala Capital City Authority will be measured. The survey is based on variable approaches with evidence gathered from quantitative data, interviews and literature review.
Keywords: Water, Sanitation, Hygiene, Education, Health, Uganda
A Study on the Green Supply Chain Management Practices and Their Influence in the Environmental Performance of the firm: with reference to Indian Pharmaceutical Industry
Technology Management, SVKM’S Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, (NMIMS),
V.L. Mehta Road, Vile Parle (W), Mumbai – 400 056, India.
Volume 11, Issue 11, Pg. 59-81, 2018.
Abstract: The objectives of this paper were to identify the current green supply chain management practices and their influence on environmental performance of the firms belonging to the pharmaceutical industry in India. The paper is based on a survey conducted among senior executives of the pharmaceutical industry in India. A questionnaire designed for the purpose was administered to 30 senior executives from the firms belonging to this sector. The findings of the study try to link the various factors of green supply chain management with the environmental performance of a firm. Further the factor analysis attempts to define the underlying structure and correlations among the variables like Internal environmental management, Top management commitment, Green purchasing, Eco-design, Cooperation with customers, Environmental performance, Supplier relations, Economic benefits, Markets and Regulations. The study also discusses some of the barriers which affect the implementation of these practices.
Keywords: Eco-design; Environmental performance; Green supply chain management; Green purchasing.
Sustainable Development Goals and India: A Cross-Sectional Analysis
Rajesh Panda a, Madhvi Sethi b , Shivam Agrawal c
a Symbiosis Institute of Business Management Bengaluru
b Symbiosis International (Deemed)University, Pune, India
95/1, Electronic City Phase 1, Hosur Road, Bengaluru 560100, India.
Volume 11, Issue 11, Pg. 79-92, 2018.
Abstract: On 25 September 2015, 193 countries of the UN General Assembly embraced the 2030 Development Agenda titled “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were built on the success as well as on the shortcomings of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Over the years there has been an argument of MDGs being unfair as a parameter for all the countries alike. Few of the countries with required resources were able to strive towards the achievement of MDGs whereas those with substantially less resources were not able to catch up. As Ban-Ki-Moon rightly said, “We don’t have plan B because there is no planet B!”. This thought has paved the way for the development of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which are an amalgamation of various goals covering every aspect of human development globally.The MDGs concentrated on curbing extreme poverty, hunger, and preventable disease, and were the most significant global development goals in the history of United Nations. The SDGs will resume the fight against extreme poverty but will add the challenges of ensuring more fair development and environmental sustainability, specifically the key goal of curbing the dangers of human-induced climate change.
This paper deals with the status of SDGs in India with the help of recent data. The analysis is based on the data collected from various sources for every Indian state. Every SDG has been attributed a variable which signifies the status of the specific goal. Preliminary analysis shows that India has grown substantially in last 15 years for few of the basic parameters and are on track of achieving the goals, but when we look deeply into the state-wise data a wide disparity is clearly visible. Some parameters which are acceptable overall is driven by few of the selected states whereas other states are substantially lagging. The paper attempts to rank each of the states based on the SDG Index. On the basis of the analysis, we find that the policy which may look sufficient on a national basis might not be appropriate on state level. The state-wise index also helps to understand the key areas where the policy makers should pay attention to. The index shows the clear disparity between India states and a lot must be done to achieve uniform success across states.
Keywords: Human development, Index, India,Policy, Sustainable Development Goals
Trust and Sustainability of the Welfare State: A Note on the Nordic Model
Nord University, 8049 Bodo, Norway
Volume 11, Issue 11, Pg. 91-100, 2018.
Abstract: Critics assumethe existence of free riding, motivation crisis, and controlled individual needsin the “nanny state”. Despite such critique, the demand for social protection is growing, and the state, in Nordic countries,has the reputation of sustained economic growth in combination with generous welfare programs. Thisis attributed to their policies of economic growth, redistribution, and full employment. The focus of this paper is Norway. While, the positive impacts of the growth with equity is recognized, the findingsof our study take us beyond. In Norway, a high level of generalized trust, expressed both in individual behavior and in individual- society relations, creates the collective conscience (samvittighet). Such a conscience promotes cooperation in achieving common goals. This feeling of togetherness provides Norwegians with the feeling of solidarity(felleskap), defines individual perception of rights and obligations to the state, and explains why Norway has a good record in work force participation. The state guarantees that a loss of job not followed by loss of income. Norwegians believe individual wellbeing depends on others welfare, and they tend to rely on the state’s role in creating and maintaining universal welfare programs with high levels of taxation. The social system relies on a sense of trust.
Keywords: Decommodification-de familialization; Identity, Solidarity; Sustainability; Trust; Welfare state