OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development
Open access peer-reviewed journal
Impact of Female Literacy and Workforce Participation on Child Nutritional Status in India: Panel Data Estimation
Prarthna Agarwal Goel a, Pratishtha Malhotra b
a School of Humanities and Social Sciences,
Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Dwarka, New Delhi, India.
b Elite Wealth Advisors, Neldelhi, India.
Volume 11, Issue 04, Pg. 11-33, 2018.
Abstract: The current study aims to analyze the impact of maternal education and work status on child nutritional status in India. Child nutrition status is measured by underweight (Low weight-for-age), stunting (low height-for-age) and wasting (low weight-for-height). The study is based on the three rounds of NFHS data from 1992-93, 1998-99 and 2005-06 survey. The results suggest a significant impact of both maternal work status and education on the three indicators of nutrition standards. The results suggest that an increase in the percentage of non-working mothers leads to a negative impact on a child’s physical development in terms of height, weight and overall growth. Female’s literacy rates are not only seen to be associated significantly in reduction of the percentage of children being underweight, stunted or wasted, but also contributes in bringing down the child mortality rate in India.
Keywords: Hausman test, Malnutrition, Panel Data, Stunting, Underweight, Women work force
The Challenge of Balancing Ethical and Philanthropic Responsibilities by Companies in Extractive Communities
Ogechi Okoro a, Uzoukwu Ejekwumadu b
b Waikato Institute of Technology, New Zealand.
Volume 11, Issue 04, Pg. 17-26, 2018.
Abstract: The discourse on ethical responsibility of business has been elevated in the last couple of decades following some crisis, which calls to question the ability of business managers to make moral decisions. Consequently, pressure groups from around the globe have been sensitizing the public on unethical practices by business through awareness campaign, education, and social media platforms. This has increased the momentum that business should at the very least act responsibly. In this paper, we investigate how philanthropic responsibility undermines ethical responsibility in extractive communities in less developed societies. For example, international oil companies (IOCs) that operate in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria (NDR) are not apprehensive of their ethical responsibility because they are dealing with an impoverished people, whose preoccupation is daily sustenance. Most extractive communities are beleaguered with poverty and the lack of basic infrastructure that make life meaningful. Therefore, the paper analysis how a CSR framework referred to as Global Memorandum of Understanding (GMoU) has diverted attention from ethical responsibility of IOCs in the NDR. The study finds that the GMoU framework aligns with the business case, where firms engage in activities that guarantee business continuity and profitability. Therefore, the framework establishes a correlation between philanthropic responsibility and poverty. It is also clear that poverty is a major reason why different stakeholders in the region are not vocal about the neglect of ethical responsibility by IOCs. While acknowledging some limitations; the paper strongly suggests the inclusion of ethical responsibility in the GMoU framework at the same time concedes to the transformational effect of the framework in host communities.
Keywords: Ethics, Immoral Management, Extractive Community, Philanthropy, Gmou
Engaging communities towards sustainable development: the importance of negotiation and mediation skills
The Cairns Institute and College of Arts Society and Education,
James Cook University, Cairns, Australia.
Volume 11, Issue 04, Pg. 27-34, 2018.
Abstract: Universities are increasingly expected to teach, research and engage their communities and industry sectors in order to inform policy and practice. For most people, teaching and research are relatively easy concepts to understand, but the same cannot be said for engagement. What does it mean to engage with a community? Who is the community? If community engagement is occurring, how do we tell? What are the costs and benefits of community engagement? This paper uses an autoethnography or narrative approach to tell the story of a rural community’s ongoing search for meaningful ways to dispose of dead bodies of loved ones with respect and dignity but at the same minimise harm to the environment. The paper highlights among other things, the importance of traditional conflict mediation and negotiation skills in bringing together people of diverse interests and aspirations, especially in the contexts of post-colonial societies experiencing rapid and complex social change, to work towards the common good.
Keywords: sustainable development, funeral practices, population growth, sustainable land use, community engagement, negotiation and mediation, soft skills.
The Effect of Global Competitive Index on Carbon Disclosure
Lin Oktris a, Meco Sitardja b
a Trisakti University, Indonesia.
b Agung Podomoro University, Indonesia.
Volume 11, Issue 04, Pg. 35-44, 2018.
Abstract: This study aimed to examine theeffect of global competitiveness index on carbon disclosure. This study focuses on in listed non financial companies that participate in ISRA Awards and provide sustainability report from 2010-2014.Sample of this research is nonfinancial companies that participate in ISRA Awards and provide sustainability report from 2010-2014. This research is using multiple regression method with SPSS 22.0 as statistic tool to process research variables from primary data from questionnaires and secondary data in annual reports and sustainability reports. The results showed that global competitiveness index influence positively on the disclosure of carbon emissions. In regard to testing of moderation, the results showed that the environmental performance and intensive carbon industry moderate the relationship between global competitiveness index on the disclosure of carbon emissions. Lastly, the size of the company into a good control variable for disclosure of carbon. For future research, research can add new variables such as economic growth in this research model so there are macro economic perspectives.
Keyword: carbon emissions disclosure, environmental performance, global competitive index, industry type